Running Head: WATER SANITATION AND HYGIENE1Water Sanitation and HygieneStudents Name:Instructors Name:Course:Date:Student nameStudent numberUnit codeWATER SANITATION AND HYGIENE2IntroductionThis study is aimed at focusing on the main impacts of basic sanitation on developingcountries. Adequate and readily available drinking water, proper sanitation and hygieneare key elements that promote human health (Montgomery, M.A. and Elimelech, M.,2007). The same applies to proper wastewater management which is also a basicingredient to environmental health. Sanitation can be defined as the infrastructure andservices provided to ensure safe and healthy disposal of human wastes such as urine andstool. Better sanitation facilities ensure that human wastes are separated as much aspossible from human contact and that they are physically close for easy access with asafer disposal means of the human waste. Today, several developing countries arestruggling with severe water shortages and the inadequate water infrastructure available.This may be as a result of unpredictable population growth, rapid urban growth, andincreased economic activities in these developing countries (Montgomery, M.A. andElimelech, M., 2007).Statistics in 2006 show that approximately two billion people worldwide do not haveaccess to clean water and improved sanitation facilities with the majority of thatpopulation living in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Poor sanitation and drinkin ...
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