Running Head: EUROPEAN COMMISSION1European CommissionStudents NameInstitution of AffiliationCourseDateEUROPEAN COMMISSION2European CommissionThe European Commission is the executive arm of the European Union which isapolitical in its functional roles and responsibilities. It is the body charged with theresponsibility of drawing the proposed legislation for the European Union and also implementsall the decision made by the council of European Union and the European Parliament (EuropeanCommission, 2018). The commissioners swear an oath of allegiance to the European Court ofJustice found in Luxembourg City. The first European Commission came into place in the year1952 as the European Coal and Steel Community with its head office in Luxembourg. JacquesDelors, Jacques Santers, Romano Prodi, and Jose Manuel Barroso were among the firstpresidents of the European Commission.Figure 1; Figure illustrating the structure of European CommissionFunctions of the European CommissionThe European Commission acts as an independent authority distinct from othergovernments. It develops medium-term strategies, arbitrates on legislative matters, and draftslegislation. It implements all the legislation passed by the European Parliament. The EuropeanCommission is charged with the responsibility of proposing new laws that govern the activitiesEUROPEAN COMMISSION3and operations of the European Union (European Commission, 2018). It is the sole institutioncharged ...
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