Running head: CASE STUDY1Case Study: Analyzing Outside FactorsStudents NameInstitutionDateCASE STUDY2IntroductionSchool reforms are nothing new in the United States. The need for better systems andpractices in governing schools became of interest and notable at the beginning of the 20thcentury. The forces behind the need for transition were demand for increased efficiency, thequest for equity, legislation and the need to achieve adequacy for the school (Kowalski, 1995).At that time when school governing was mostly decentralized, efforts to centralize thegovernance were made to facilitate the achievement of the rising demand of the communityregarding outcome expectations of the educational system. The move saw the decrease in thenumber of the district school from 119000 in 1937 to 35676 in 1963 and slightly more than14000 schools countrywide today (Kowalski, 1995). Although much has been achievedregarding improving school standards and performance, many people agree that the originalvision and expectations of the school outcomes by the community have not been realized. As ithas now emerged, both decentralization and centralization of the school governing presentunique challenges (Hanson, 1997). This paper addresses the major concerns in the school systemsuch as effectiveness, accountability, and Improvement due to the decentralized system in EastMarvin County.EffectivenessEffectiveness is perceived as the extent or degree to which goals or ...
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