1Running Head: CHILD DEVELOPMENTChild DevelopmentInstitutional AffiliationDate2CHILD DEVELOPMENTChild development8The prefrontal cortex is a region of the brain, and it is located behind the eyes. The rolesof prefrontal cortex and the limbic system in early childhood are that they work together in achild to enable the child to be thoughtful, engaged and intentional. Those pathways also worktogether to interpret stimuli based on the current and past experience (Bush, Luu & Posner,2000).The pathways differ in some ways. First, the prefrontal cortex is located in the brainbehind the brain while the limbic system is located in the thalamus just beneath the cerebrum.The limbic system supports functions like emotion, long-term behavior memory, olfaction, andmotivation, while prefrontal cortex governs adult capacity for focus, self-awareness, mentalflexibility and working memory. As a child matures, the pathways also mature. When thesepathways mature up, the child's mode of thinking changes and the child begin to think like anadult.Gross motor skills coordinate the movement of large muscle groups. For example, sitting,standing, running and also riding a bike while fine motor skills precisely coordinate smallmovement of muscles, for example, moving hands, fingers, toes, lips wrist and also the tongueChild maltreatment is the abuse a child, someone below the age of acquiring ID card,either physically, emotionally, sexually or psychologically. Many of the ...
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