Running head: LABOR SYSTEMS IN THE AMERICASLabor Systems in the AmericasNameInstitutionDate1LABOR SYSTEMS IN THE AMERICAS2IntroductionThe Americas was a settlement occupied by people who had migrated across the BeringiaBridge searching for food. Research shows that people started domesticating animals and plants,and using agriculture to sustain their lives about 15,000 thousand years back. This led to thecreation of permanent settlements in the Americas, hence most groups abandoning their huntinggathering ways (Berlin, 2009). The Americas was occupied by different groups having variedlabor and social systems.DiscussionAmong the groups living in the Americas was the Eastern-Woodland Indians. Thiscommunity comprised of small independent tribal elements or clans, each of them conformed tothe particular conditions in which they resided in. There was no unity among the clans, andconflicts were common among them. This was due to the fact that each of them kept trying toexpand their territories. The common trait among them was making decisions, which was doneby chiefs or elders. The chiefs were normal men, but women were selected to counsel them.Additionally, gender responsibilities were flexible, as opposed to the European, South American,and Mesoamerican patriarchal communities. Typically, women were involved in the cultivationof corn, squash, and beans, and the harvesting of nuts and also berries. Men, on the other hand,participated in hunting, fishi ...
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