What is the difference between Perception and Sensation? Well Perception refers to the occurrence when the brain performs organization of information. It obtains from the neural impulses and then begins the process of translation and interpretation. It’s a vital process that helps us rationalize or make sense of the information related to the physical stimulus. Perception occurs when the brain processes information to give meaning to it, like means of emotions and memories. Sensation is defined as the process in which a sensory receptor is stimulated, producing nerve impulses that travel to the brain, which in turn interprets such impulses as a visual image, a sound, taste, odor, touch, or pain. The physical stimulus present in the environment emits energy that is absorbed by a sensory organ, causing sensation. Sensation and perception are elements that balance and complement one another. They work together for us to be able to identify and create meaning from stimuli-related information. Without sensation, perception will not be possible, except for people who believe in extrasensory perception but without perception, our sensations would remain to be unknown to us since there is no mental processing of what we sense. In sensation, the physical stimulus together with its physical properties, is registered by sensory organs. Then, the organs decode this information and transform them into neural impulses or signals. These signals are transmitted to the sensory cortices of the brain. The line of difference between sensation and perception is now drawn perception follows sensation. In the brain, the nerve impulses go through a series of organization, translation and then interpretation. Once perception is finished, a person is able to make sense out of the sensations. For example, seeing the light (sensation) is different from determining it’s color (perception). Another great example is that feeling the coldness of the environment is different from perceiving that winter is coming.
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