Running Head: GENETICALLY MODIFIED ANIMALSGenetically Modified AnimalsNameInstructorInstitutional AffiliationDate1GENETICALLY MODIFIED ANIMALS2IntroductionGenetic engineering refers to the process of altering an individuals genome, and it leadsto a genetically modified organism (GMO). It is a laboratory procedure in which an individualsgenome is intentionally altered. With genetic engineering, a gene from one organism can bemoved to another to yield a species that is transgenic. Essentially, genetic engineering has beenconducted on both plants as well as animals. Mice were the first genetically modified animals tobe genetically engineered by scientists. Despite the benefits that are brought about by geneticallymodified animals, many people have opposed this form of genetic engineering. In fact,genetically modified animals have been so controversial that most countries in the EuropeanUnion have banned the cultivation and sale of GMOs (Starr, Evers, & Starr, 2015).Biological BasisThe establishment of genetically modified (GM) animals started in the 1980s. Typically,these animals are primarily utilized for scientific reasons. Today, genetically modified mice havebecome nearly vital in medical research. Studies show that the approaches of cutting genesfrom one species, and pasting them into another organism were first developed in the late-20thcentury. Using such approaches for animals entails implanting the novel gene into al ...
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